Dynamic stretching is a form of stretching beneficial in sports utilizing momentum from form, static-active stretching strength and the momentum from static-active stretching strength, in an effort to propel the muscle into an extended range of motion not exceeding one’s static-passive stretching ability. Anything beyond this range of motion becomes ballistic stretching. It is a type of stretching while moving.
This form of stretching prepares the body for physical exertion and sports performance. In the past it was the practice to undertake static stretching before exercise. Dynamic stretching increases range of movement, blood and oxygen flow to soft tissues prior to exertion. Increasingly coaches and sports trainers are aware of the role in dynamic stretching in improving performance and reducing the risk of injury.
How to do dynamic stretching
Dynamic stretching works by gently propelling your muscles towards their maximum range of motion. It is very important to not use jerky, forced movements to increase your range of motion beyond what is comfortable as it can easily cause injury. In general, you want to move (stretch) the muscle in a similar way that you are going to move them in a workout. For example; a martial arts practitioner who wants to stretch a hamstring for a kick may swing a straight leg forward to gradually increase the height they can obtain.